PESAWAT TERBANG HERCULES C-130 DAN DAFTAR KECELAKAANNYA
Lockheed C-130 Hercules adalah sebuah pesawat terbang bermesin 4 turboprop dan dikenal sebagai pesawat udara pengangkut militer di banyak bagian dunia. Mampu mendarat dan lepas landas dari landasan pacu (runway) yang pendek atau tidak disiapkan. Awalnya dia adalah sebuah pesawat pengangkut pasukan tentara dan pesawat kargo (barang), namun sekarang ini juga digunakan untuk berbagai macam peran, antara lain sebagai pengangkut pasukan tempur (infantri), pengamatan cuaca, pengisian bahan bakar di udara, pemadam kebakaran udara, dan ambulans udara.
Pesawat Hercules ini mulai dikembangkan pada awal tahun 1950 oleh pabrik pesawat terbang Lockheed untuk menunjang alat pengangkut taktis bagi Angkatan Udara AS (USAF). Dua prototipe pertama diterbangkan pada pada tanggal 23 Agustus 1954, produksi pertama Hercules C-130A diterbangkan pada 7 April 1955 dan mulai diserahkan ke Angkatan Udara AS pada bulan Desember 1956.
Sekarang sudah ada lebih dari 70 model Hercules untuk berbagai macam penggunaan, termasuk beberapa model yang bersenjata, dan digunakan di lebih dari 50 negara. Hercules telah melayani lebih dari 50 tahun. Jenis pesawat Hercules yang terakhir diproduksi adalah jenis C-130J yang mulai dipergunakan pada tahun 1998.
Keluarga C-130 Hercules telah menciptakan rekor yang bagus atas kehandalan dan daya tahannya, berpartisipasi dalam militer, sipil, dan bantuan kemanusiaan. Namun pesawat Hercules tak terlepas dari banyak kecelakaan fatal di beberapa negara pengguna, termasuk di Indonesia yang juga sebagai pemakai Hercules CJ-130.
DAFTAR KECELAKAAN PESAWAT HERCULES C-130 (LIST OF HERCULES C-130 CRASHES)
Lebih dari 15 persen dari sekitar 2.350 pesawat Hercules yang telah diproduksi musnah akibat kecelakaan, termasuk 70 pesawat Hercules milik AS yang musnah dalam Perang Vietnam. Inilah daftar kecelakaan fatal pesawat Hercules C-130 :
DAFTAR KECELAKAAN PESAWAT HERCULES MILIK INDONESIA (LIST OF HERCULES CRASHES OWNED BY INDONESIA)
(Dalam bahasa Inggris)
1. September 3, 1964 : C-130B Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (Indonesian Air Force) C-130B T-1307, c/n 3599, of 31 Sqn. crashed in the Straits of Malacca. Probably chased by RAF Javelin. This was the first non-U.S. Hercules hull loss.
2. September 16, 1965 : Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (Indonesian Air Force) C-130B T-1306, c/n 3598, of 31 Sqn. crashed at Bawang airstrip, Kalimantan, Timur, Borneo, after hits by friendly fire.
4. October 5, 1991 : Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Udara, Indonesian Air Force C-130H-30 A-1324, c/n 4927, delivered June 1982 to 32 Squadron, same, March 1987. Crashed after take-off from Halim-Perdanakasuma, Jakarta, Indonesia – engine failure.
5. December 20, 2001 : Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Udara, Indonesian Air Force L-100-30 c/n 4824, delivered July 1979, sold to Mitsui Corporation, PK-PLU, leased to Pelita AIr Service, July 1979, then leased to Heavylift, Stansted, Great Britain, ‘H’ on fin; subleased to TAAG Angola Airlines, March 1990. Ops by Pelita, April 1991, then leased to Angola Air Charter, September 1992, then leased to Heavylift in Singapore and Jakarta, April 1993. Back to Pelita, June 1993, and damaged on May 11, 1995 during landing with starboard main gear retracted. Repaired. Leased to KLM, March 1996, for cargo run between Amsterdam and Glasgow, wearing Heavylift titles. Sold to TNI-AU, February 1997, same, September 2000. Written off during landing at Malikul Saleh when it ran off runway.
6. May 20, 2009 : A TNI-AU Hercules plane carrying soldiers and their families crashed into homes and erupted in flames on Wednesday, killing at least 98 people. The burning wreckage of the Hercules was scattered in a rice paddy near Magetan, East Java, about 160 kilometres east of Yogyakarta. The plane was carrying more than 100 passengers and crew including soldiers and their families, among them children. It was flying from Jakarta to the eastern province of Papua via Magetan.
DAFTAR KECELAKAAN PESAWAT HERCULES DI DUNIA (LIST OF C-130 HERCULES CRASHES IN THE WORLD)
(Dalam bahasa Inggris)
1. September 2, 1958 : C-130A-II, 56-0528, c/n 3136, of the 7406th CCS was shot down by four MiG-17 fighters when it flew into Soviet airspace over Yerevan, Armenia while on a Sun Valley SIGINT mission, with all 17 crew killed. A look-alike C-130A is displayed in Vigilance Park at the National Security Agency headquarters at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland. This was the first operational C-130 hull loss.
2. September 19, 1958 : C-130A 56-0526, c/n 3134, of the 314th Troop Carrier Wing, had a mid-air collision with a French Armée de l’Air Dassault Super Mystère over France.
3. May 20, 1959 : C-130A 57-0468, c/n 3175, of the 815th Troop Carrier Squadron, 483rd Troop Carrier Wing, crashed at Ashiya, Japan when it lost control during landing with single-engine failure.
4. May 27, 1961 : A Tactical Air Command C-130B 59-1534, c/n 3570, of the 773rd Troop Carrier Squadron, veered off the runway during landing at Ramstein Air Base, West Germany, with single-engine failure. Hull written off.
5. October 1961 : United States Air Forces Europe C130A 58-0745, c/n 3543 of the 322d Air Division was damaged in a fire during maintenance at Évreux-Fauville Air Base, France, and written off. Front portion towed to Spangdahlem Air Base, West Germany, to repair C-130A 58-0734, c/n 3530, in October 1969.
6. March 8, 1962 : C-130A 55-0020, c/n 3047, of the 40th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed in France in bad weather.
7. May 17, 1962 : C-130A 56-0546, c/n 3154, of the 40th Troop Carrier Squadron, 322nd Air Division, crashed into mountain peak in Kenya in bad weather after it descended under given altitude.
11.September 3, 1964 : C-130B Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (Indonesian Air Force) C-130B T-1307, c/n 3599, of 31 Sqn. crashed in the Straits of Malacca. Probably chased by RAF Javelin. This was the first non-U.S. Hercules hull loss.
12. January 11, 1965 : During an engine run-up test at Forbes Air Force Base, Kansas, a C-130B 58-0719, c/n 3514, of the 313th Troop Carrier Wing, jumped the wheel chocks and pivoted into C-130B 58-0730, c/n 3525, of the same squadron. Both airframes were destroyed in the ensuing fire. This was the first of five recorded cases of Hercules fratricide, as of October 2008.
13. March 25, 1965 : C-130E 63-7797, c/n 3863, of the 464th Troop Carrier Wing, hit high-tension line on ridge top and crashed near Alençon, France, killing all seven crew.
14. April 24, 1965 : C-130A 57-0475, c/n 3182, of the 815th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed at Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, during go-around in bad weather with heavy load – lost two engines, low fuel. This was the first Hercules hull loss related to the war in Southeast Asia. Six killed.
16. July 1, 1965 : C-130A 55-0042, c/n 3069, of the 817th Troop Carrier Squadron, was destroyed by sappers with satchel charges at Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam.
17. August 18, 1965 : Pakistani Air Force C-130B 12648, former USAF 61-2648, c/n 3691, supplied under MAP, was written off after it veered off runway on landing.
18. August 24, 1965 : USMC KC-130F BuNo 149802, c/n 3693, of VMGR-152, MAG-15, veered off runway on take-off from Kai Tak Airport, Hong Kong and hit seawall, and crashed into the sea. No. 1 propeller reversed. This was the first Hercules hull loss in Marine Corps service. It was carrying Marine personnel returning to Vietnam after R & R in Hong Kong – of six crew and 65 passengers, 59 were killed while flying. Aircraft commander disregarded SOP. This is the worst accident at Kai Tak. The airport was relocated to Chek Lap Kok in 1998.
19. September 16, 1965 : Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (Indonesian Air Force) C-130B T-1306, c/n 3598, of 31 Sqn. crashed at Bawang airstrip, Kalimantan, Timur, Borneo, after hits by friendly fire.
20. September 18, 1965 : C-130A 55-0038, c/n 3065, of the 35th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed when it struck water before landing at Qui Nhon, South Vietnam. (Lars Olausson, “Lockheed Hercules Production List, 1954-2008, 25th edition”, page 7). According to Chris Hobson‘s “Vietnam Air Losses”, page 52, the crew was attempting a VFR approach in low cloud and rain but the aircraft hit the water as it rolled out of a turn. Two crew and two passengers killed, three crew survived. Qui Nhon airfield became notorious for tricky crosswind conditions.
21. December 8, 1965 : C-130A 56-0502, c/n 3110, of the 817th Troop Carrier Squadron, 6315th Operations Group, out of Naha, crashed on take-off from Chu Lai, South Vietnam in bad weather – engine problems. All five crew survive.
22. December 12, 1965 : C-130A 56-0515, c/n 3123, of the 18th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed during an assault take-off from Bitburg, West Germany.
23. December 20, 1965 : C-130E 62-1843, c/n 3805, of the 345th Troop Carrier Squadron, 314th Troop Carrier Wing, crashed into hill during approach to Tuy Hoa, South Vietnam, according to Lars Olausson. Chris Hobson gives the following account: “…the first Hercules assumed to be lost in the air to enemy action [in Southeast Asia]. The aircraft was attempting to land at Tuy Hoa under a very low cloud base when it was hit by ground fire five miles south of the air base and crashed killing all [five] crew…Enemy action was never actually confirmed to have caused the loss of this aircraft which may have simply flown into high ground in poor visibility.” (Vietnam Air Losses, Page 44). Serial number subsequently assigned to C-130E 64-0506, c/n 3990 in 1973, which was assigned “to another agency” December 31, 1964, and flew Air America missions in support of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operations in Southeast Asia in a “sanitized” condition. Modified to C-130E(I). Reappeared at Hurlburt Field, Florida in the early 1970s, carrying 62-1843 identity, as C-130E(I), redesignated MC-130E in early 1977. Assigned to the 711th Special Operation Squadron at Duke Field, Eglin Air Force Base Aux. Field 3, in October 1995, c/n 3990, the faux 62-1843, was still there as of December 2005. The builders plate reads what the Air Force wants it to read, but the airframe hours tell no lies, and the identity is an open secret on the flightline. Seen at Eglin AFB with no markings aside from serials, February 2009.
24. January 6, 1966 : C-130B 61-0972, c/n 3669, of the 463rd Troop Carrier Wing, was shot down west of Pleiku, South Vietnam.
25. January 9, 1966 : C-130B 61-0970, c/n 3667, of the 774th Troop Carrier Squadron, 314th Troop Carrier Wing, crashed on landing at An Khe, South Vietnam – number three propeller did not reverse and airframe ran off runway. All five crew survived.
27. March 19, 1966 : The crew of seven was killed when C-130B 61-2641, c/n 3677, of the 313th Troop Carrier Wing, crashed into Svanfjellet at 2,650 feet on the island of Senja on approach to Bardufoss Air Station, Norway.
28. March 26, 1966 : C-130A 56-0506, c/n 3114, of the 41st Troop Carrier Squadron, damaged landing at Tuy Hoa, South Vietnam, due to propeller reversal problem. Swerved into ditch to avoid truck at end of runway. Crew survived. Destroyed when towed by tank. Fuselage adapted for use as Officers Club building at Tuy Hoa.
29. March 29, 1966 : C-130B 61-0953, c/n 3630, of the 29th Troop Carrier Squadron, written-off after it touched down short of the runway during night landing at Pleiku, South Vietnam. Three crew killed, two survived.
31. May 31, 1966 : C-130E 64-0511, c/n 3995, of the 61st Troop Carrier Squadron, 64th Troop Carrier Wing, shot down during Project Carolina Moon operation against the Thanh Hoa bridge on the Song Ma River, North Vietnam. Crew of eight KIA when Hercules attempted to drop eight-foot diameter bomb containing 5,000 lbs. of explosives on the rail bridge but exploded a few miles north of the target, assumed to have been either shot down or suffered controlled flight into terrain.
32. June 17, 1966 : USAF Military Airlift Command C-130E 63-7785, c/n 3852, operated by U.S. Navy squadron VR-7 under MAC control, out of Naval Air Station Moffett, California, exploded over sea after departing Cam Ranh Bay, Republic of Vietnam. Chris Hobson reported in his volume “Vietnam Air Losses”, (Midland Publishing, 2001) on page 62 that “(t)he aircraft came down about 45 miles northeast of Nha Trang and about five miles off a small spit of land south of Phu Hiep. Although very little of the aircraft was ever found it was strongly suspected that the aircraft had been a victim of sabotage by Vietnamese communist sympathisers who worked at the base.” This was the first Navy operated Hercules to be lost, but it was on loan from an Air Force unit. Serial number subsequently applied to C-130E 64-0507, c/n 3991, in 1972, which was assigned “to another agency” December 31, 1964, and flew Air America missions in support of CIA operations in Southeast Asia in a “sanitized” condition. Operated into Laos in all-black scheme. Operated by the 1198th OETS out of Norton Air Force Base (from October 1967), and modified to C-130E(I) Rivet Yard, then assigned to the 1174th Support Squadron, Norton Air Force Base. To 1st Special Operations Squadron, Hurlburt Field, Florida, December 1972, now sporting the 63-7785, c/n 3852, identity. Modified to Rivet Yank in 1974, and redesignated MC-130E in early 1977. Ops by the 8th Special Operations Squadron, Hurlburt Field, Florida, mid-1995, then to 711th Special Operations Squadron, Duke Field, Florida by November 1995. Loan to 8th Special Operations Squadron, as of November 2005.
34. September 6, 1966 : C-130E 63-7878, c/n 3949, of the 776th Troop Carrier Squadron, 314th Troop Carrier Wing, out of Ching Chuan Kang crashed into a mountain in Taiwan due to a navigation error during logistics flight from Southeast Asia. Five crew and three passengers killed.
35. October 2, 1966 : C-130E 62-1840, c/n 3803, of the 776th Troop Carrier Squadron, shot down 30 kilometers south of Cam Ranh Bay, South Vietnam.
39. February 17, 1967 : C-130B 60-0307, c/n 3618, of the 773rd Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed after take-off from Tay Ninh, South Vietnam, after suffering split flap problem. Emergency landing in rice paddy, written off.
40. March 12, 1967 : C-130E 63-7772, c/n 3838, of the 345th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed on take-off from An Khe, South Vietnam – disturbance by helicopter.
41. April 16, 1967 : C-130B 58-0722, c/n 3517, of the 29th Troop Carrier Squadron, 463rd Troop Carrier Wing, crashed on go-around at Bao Loc, South Vietnam – ammunition load exploded.
42. April 18, 1967 : Imperial Iranian Air Force C-130E IIAF serial 5-107, c/n 4118, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, destroyed by lightning strike.
43. April 27, 1967 : An RCAF CC-130E 130309 (formerly 10309), c/n 4050, crashed after take-off from Trenton, possibly due to an elevator trim failure. Canadian Hercules switched from ‘103’ prefix’ to ‘130’ prefix on June 26, 1970 thus this aircraft lost as 10309.
44. June 9, 1967 : C-130B 58-0737, c/n 3534, of the 29th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed 20 kilometers east of Tan Son Nhut, South Vietnam. Structural failure, probably shot down.
45. June 17, 1967 : C-130B 60-0293, c/n 3591, of the 772nd Troop Carrier Squadron, overran the runway at An Khe, South Vietnam on aborted take-off, written off.
46. June 22, 1967 : C-130E 63-7801, c/n 3867, of the 777th Tactical Airlift Squadron, tore off wing on landing at Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina, written off. Fuselage to paratrooper training, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, then to loadmaster training at Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas, November 1971. Scrapped 1999.
47. July 15, 1967 : C-130A 55-0009, c/n 3036, of the 41st Troop Carrier Squadron, destroyed by mortar attack, Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam.
48. July 15, 1967 : EC-130E 62-1815, c/n 3777, of the 7th Airborne Command and Control Squadron, destroyed by mortar attack, Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam.
52. November 15, 1967 : C-130E 62-1865, c/n 3829, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, destroyed in rocket attack at Dak To, South Vietnam.
53. November 15, 1967 : C-130E 63-7827, c/n 3904, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, destroyed in rocket attack at Dak To, South Vietnam.
56. February 10, 1968 : USMC KC-130F BuNo 149813, c/n 3719, of VMGR-152, crash landed on runway at Khe Sanh, South Vietnam, when ground fire set alight fuel bladder on board. Crash was documented in full color by cameramen at the Marine firebase.
57. February 18, 1968 : C-130B 58-0743, c/n 3540, of the 772nd Troop Carrier Squadron, destroyed in mortar attack at Tan Son Nhut Air Base, South Vietnam. Round entered through overhead escape hatch.
58. February 29, 1968 : C-130E 64-0522, c/n 4006, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, hit by ground fire on take-off from Song Ba, South Vietnam, returned, crash landed and burned. Crew of five and five passengers escaped. Pilot Major Leland R. Filmore awarded a Silver Star for his part in this event. Chris Hobson’s Vietnam Air Losses gives the date as February 28, 1968, page 139.
60. March 3, 1968 : C-130E 62-1814, c/n 3776, of the 50th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed at Cam Ranh Bay, South Vietnam – electrical fire in aft cockpit. All six crew survive.
61. April 11, 1968 : L-100, c/n 4109, leased from Lockheed Aircraft Service Company as N9261R to Continental Air Services, November 1965, then sold to the Government of the Republic of Zambia, August 1966, and leased to Zambian Air Cargoes with registration 9J-RCY, August 1966. Hard-luck Hercules suffered fire in left wheel well on fourth attempt to taxi start engine, June 1967 at Dar es Salaam. Repaired by Marshall of Cambridge (Engineering), Cambridge, UK. Destroyed in ground collision with c/n 4137 at Ndola, when returning from Dar es Salaam – brake failure.
62. April 11, 1968 : L-100, c/n 4137, sold to the Government of the Republic of Zambia, August 1966, and leased to Zambian Air Cargoes with registration 9J-RBX, August 1966. Destroyed in ground collision when hit by c/n 4109 at Ndola, when 9J-RCY suffered brake failure upon returning from Dar es Salaam.
63. April 13, 1968 : C-130B 61-0967, c/n 3654, of the 774th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed at Khe Sanh, South Vietnam, suffered engine failure on landing, slid off runway, burned.
65. April 26, 1968 : C-130B 60-0298, c/n 3602, of the 773rd Tactical Airlift Squadron, shot down dropping load at A Loui, South Vietnam. Crashed trying to land at A Loui. Manned by crew from 29th Tactical Airlift Squadron.
66. April 30, 1968 : L-100 c/n 4145, bought by Pakistan government for Pakistan International Airlines, October 1966, registered AP-AUU; operated by Pakistani Air Force, serial 64145, coded ‘U’. Crashed when wing broke in turbulence near Chaklala, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
67. May 12, 1968 : C-130A 56-0548, c/n 3156, of the 21st Tactical Airlift Squadron, damaged by small arms fire at Kham Duc, South Vietnam – crash landed on runway with all props feathered, brakes shot out, written off.
68. May 12, 1968 : C-130B 60-0297, c/n 3600, of the 773rd Tactical Airlift Squadron, shot down on take-off from Kham Duc, South Vietnam.
69. May 15, 1968 : C-130E 63-7875, c/n 3945, of the 29th Military Airlift Squadron, hard landing at Quang Tri, South Vietnam, port wing broke, written off.
70. May 16, 1968 : L-100 c/n 4146, delivered June 1966, registered N9726R, sold to Bank of America, leased to Alaska Airlines, June 1966, named City of Anchorage; leased to Aerea-Aerovias Ecuatorianas, April 1968, burned after propeller struck ground while taxiing at Macuma, Ecuador. No fatalities.
72. June 25, 1968 : C-130E 62-1861, c/n 3825, with the 50th Troop Carrier Squadron from December 1965, from Tuy Hoa departed Katum, took .50 calibre AAA fire which set number one (port outer) engine afire which spread along port wing. Crash landed at Tay Ninh, South Vietnam, with only nose and port landing gear extended, veered off runway, exploded and burned. Crew of five escaped through cockpit overhead hatch and survived.
73. July 29, 1968 : HC-130P 66-0214, c/n 4164, of the 39th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, destroyed by satchel charges at Tuy Hoa, South Vietnam.
74. July 29, 1968 : HC-130P 66-0218, c/n 4174, of the 39th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, destroyed by satchel charges at Tuy Hoa, South Vietnam.
78. December 24, 1968 : L-100 c/n 4229, delivered October 1967, to Airlift International Inc., registered N760AL; leased to United States Department of the Interior, crashed at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska on go-around in a snowstorm.
80. January 27, 1969 : C-130E 63-7780, c/n 3846, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, destroyed in night mortar attack at Tonie Cham, South Vietnam. Aircraft had been assigned as Thunderbirds demonstration team support craft, October 1966.
81. February 4, 1969 : HC-130H 65-0990, c/n 4151, of the 57th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, ditches off Taiwan while locating survivors from sunk freighter.
83. March 24, 1969 : Six crew members were killed when an RAF C-130K, XV180, c/n 4196, crashed shortly after take off at Fairford in Gloucestershire. The aircraft was on a routine training flight when it stalled on take-off and plunged into a ploughed field 300 yards from the end of the runway.
85. April 29, 1969 : C-130B 61-2637, c/n 3673, of the 29th Tactical Airlift Squadron, hit in wheel well, crash landed at Loc Ninh, South Vietnam, burned.
86. May 18, 1969 : USMC KC-130F BuNo 149814, c/n 3723, of VMGR-352, collided head-on with F-4B BuNo 151001 of VMFA-542, MAG-13, from Chu Lai (both crew killed), while refuelling two F-4Bs of VMFA-314 over South Vietnam near Phu Bai. Two crew of F-4B BuNo 151450, survived after jettisoning bombs and ejecting, while the second F-4B recovered safely to Chu Lai. Olausson states that the KC-130F was from VMGR-352, while Hobson claims it was assigned to VMGR-152.
87. May 23, 1969 : A drunken U.S. Air Force crew chief started up a C-130E, 63-7789, c/n 3856, of the 36th Tactical Airlift Squadron at RAF Mildenhall and took off in it headed for Langley AFB, Virginia. He crashed into the English Channel off Alderney shortly thereafter. There is speculation whether the Hercules was shot down.
88. May 24, 1969 : AC-130A 54-1629, c/n 3016, of the 16th Special Operations Squadron, named “The Arbitrator”, suffered battle damage over Laos, crash landed at Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, burned. First Hercules gunship loss.
89. May 27, 1969 : C-130A 56-0472, c/n 3080, of the 21st Tactical Airlift Squadron, hit by ground fire while landing at Katum, South Vietnam, starboard wing burned off in post-landing fire.
91. June 23, 1969 : C-130B 61-0965, c/n 3652, of the 773rd Tactical Airlift Squadron, shot down on approach to Katum, South Vietnam.
92. July 8, 1969 : C-130B, 62-3490, c/n 3700, MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-103, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, (1967). Sold to Pakistani Air Force, serial 23490, coded ‘Q’. Civilian registration AS-HFQ applied. Burned during refuelling at Islamabad – as of October 1986, hull was on dump at Islamabad.
93. July 16, 1969 : L-100 c/n 4197, delivered May 1967 as Lockheed Aircraft Service Company N9269R; to Pacific Western Airlines, registered CF-PWO, line number 382, May 1967. Leased to Trans Mediterranean Airways, July 1967 – 1969, the only Hercules flown by this operator. Crashed Cayaya, Peru, wing hit ground during go-around in fog.
94. August 26, 1969 : C-130B RCAF 10303, c/n 3587, served with 435 Squadron, sold back to Lockheed-Georgia, registered N4654, July 1967. Sold to Fuerza Aérea Colombiana, serial 1002, January 1969. Crashed during landing at Bogotá, burned.
95. October 6, 1969 : C-130B 58-0718, c/n 3513, of the 774th Tactical Airlift Squadron, suffered mid-air explosion near Chu Lai, South Vietnam, during flight to Da Nang – sabotage?
97. December 13, 1969 : C-130A 56-0499, c/n 3107, of the 41st Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed during 3-engine take-off from Bu Dop, South Vietnam.
98. December 15, 1969 : C-130E 62-1800, c/n 3754, of the 50th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed, Taiwan, propeller reversed in flight.
100. March 4, 1970 : C-130B, 62-3489,c/n 3699, MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-102, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, (1965). Sold to Pakistani Air Force, serial 23489, of 6 Squadron, written off.
102. April 10, 1970 : C-130A 56-0516, c/n 3124, of the 317th Tactical Airlift Wing, ditched, broke up in the Pacific Ocean off Okinawa – bleed air problem, lost two engines.
104. July 30, 1970 : USMC KC-130F, BuNo 150685, c/n 3728, of VMGR-152, crashed at Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, Lake Forest, California during misjudged maximum effort landing – wings broke, fuselage ended up overturned, burned.
107. October 11, 1970 : L-100 c/n 4221, delivered July 1967 as Lockheed Aircraft Service Company N9248R; leased to Alaska Airlines, November 1968 – November 1969, then modified to L-100-20. Sold to Saturn Airways, October 1970. Crashed at Fort Dix in bad weather on approach to McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey. All three crew were employees of Airlift International, Miami, Florida. KWF were Capt. H. Miller, co-pilot L. Hoffman, and engineer J. Marin. 108. February 15, 1971 : USN LC-130F BuNo 148318, c/n 3562, of VXE-6, named “City of Christchurch”, hit snow wall while taxiing at McMurdo, Antarctica, when wing hit ground, broke, burned. This was the first USN Hercules written off.
112. January 15, 1972 : USMC KC-130F BuNo 149810, c/n 3710, of VMGR-252, burned while filled with oxygen, Lake City, Florida. Tail section at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina, as of August 1984.
114. February 19, 1972 : C-130E 62-1813, c/n 3775, of the 16th Tactical Airlift Training Squadron, mid-air collision with Cessna T-37, 6 kilometers northeast of Little Rock, Arkansas – four killed on Hercules.
116. March 30, 1972 : AC-130E 69-6571, c/n 4345, of the 16th Special Operations Squadron, shot down over the Ho Chi Minh trail, Laos, the second AC-130 lost in three days, and the first E-model gunship attrited. This second loss in three days alarmed Special Operations Command, and led to a review of operational parameters.
117. April 18, 1972 : C-130E 63-7775, c/n 3841, of the 374th Tactical Airlift Wing, shot down, landed in swamp near Lan Khe, South Vietnam. Written off.
118. April 25, 1972 : C-130E 64-0508, c/n 3992, of the 50th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 374th Tactical Airlift Wing, shot down near drop zone at An Lộc, South Vietnam, during night mission.
119. May 3, 1972 : C-130E 62-1797, c/n 3748, of the 50th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 374th Tactical Airlift Wing, shot down at An Lộc, South Vietnam, during night mission.
120. May 17, 1972 : C-130E 63-7798, c/n 3864, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, hit by rocket (?) taking off from Kontum, South Vietnam.
121. May 22 – May 23, 1972 : C-130E 62-1854, c/n 3818, of E flight, 21st Tactical Airlift Squadron, destroyed by rocket on ground at Kontum, South Vietnam.
122. June 5, 1972 : C-130D 57-0495, c/n 3202, of the 17th Tactical Airlift Squadron, named “The Harker”, stalled while overshooting at Dye III, 320 kilometers east of Söndreström Air Base, Greenland – rudder stall during flat side-slipping turn. Written off.
123. June 5, 1972 : C-130E 62-1805, c/n 3759, of the 37th Tactical Airlift Squadron, loaned to the 374th Tactical Airlift Wing – crashed in sea near Makung, Pescadores Islands, after suffering landing gear explosion while in traffic pattern.
125. August 12, 1972 : C-130E 62-1853, c/n 3817, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, shot down during take-off from Soc Trang, South Vietnam.
126. September 12, 1972 : An RAF C-130, XV194, c/n 4214 veered off runway on landing at Tromsø/Langnes Airport (TOS), in Norway and ended up in a ditch. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
127. December 5, 1972 : C-130E(I) Rivet Clamp 64-0558, c/n 4059, of the 318th Special Operations Squadron, collided with Convair F-102A 56-1517, out of McEntire Air National Guard Base, northeast of Myrtle Beach Air Force Base, South Carolina. Twelve on Hercules, and one in the Delta Dagger KWF.
131. September 10, 1973 : An RAF C-130K, XV198, c/n 4219, from 48 Sqn crashed at RAF Colerne in Wiltshire. It was carrying out co-pilot training when it was overshooting from runway 07 with a simulated engine failure when the other engine on that side failed. At that height (400ft) and speed involved, the asymmetric forces proved too much for the crew to control and the aircraft dived into the ground. The Captain was Sqn/Ldr Tony Barrett, and all 5 crew died.
132. October 15, 1973 : USAF C-130E, 62-1845, c/n 3808, of the 345th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, crashed on the north side of Sugarloaf Mountain, 20 miles (45 kilometers) south of Fort Smith, Arkansas. The aircraft exploded on impact and was destroyed by fire. All seven crew were killed.
134 April 20, 1974 :USAF C-130E, 62-1841, c/n 3804, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 374th Tactical Airlift Wing, crashed on take-off from Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, and sank in the Pacific Ocean.
135. May 23, 1974 : L-100 c/n 4225, delivered September 1967, as Lockheed Aircraft Services, N759AL, modified to L-100-20, August 1969, sold to Saturn Airways, N14ST, named “Bozo”, October 1970. Modified to L-100-30, February 1972. Wing broke in turbulence at Springfield, Illinois.
136. July 4, 1974 : Imperial Iranian Air Force C-130E c/n 4295, delivered as 5-118, October 1968, renumbered 5-112, November 1973, renumbered 5-8507, 1976(?), crashed at Shiraz, Iran on date believed to be July 4.
137. August 30, 1974 : L-100 c/n 4209, delivered April 1967 to the Government of Zambia, 9J-REZ, leased to Zambian Air Cargoes, April 1967. Sold to National Aircraft Leasing, April 1969, registered N921NA (in an FAA series usually assigned to aircraft of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration), leased to the United States Department of the Interior, April 1969 – July 1972. Leased to Alaska International Air, (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), registered N100AK, July 1972. Damaged on ice island T-3, 1,000 kilometers north of Point Barrow, Alaska, February 1973, repaired. Sold by insurance company to Alaska International Air. Destroyed when cargo exploded on ground at Galbraith Lake, Alaska, 200 kilometers south of Prudhoe Bay.
138. September 30, 1974 : C-130E 63-7802, c/n 3868, of the 345th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed on landing at Kadena Air Base, Japan.
139. October 13, 1974 : WC-130H 65-0965, c/n 4106, built as HC-130H, delivered August 1965, to 48th ARRSq, November 1965; to 79th ARRSq, July 1966; to 36th ARRSq, December 1970; back to 79th ARRSq, 1971. Modified to WC-130H, 1974, assigned to the 53rd WRS, 1974. Disappeared in Taiwan Strait in Typhoon Bess, 13 October 1974.
140. October 27, 1974 : L-100 c/n 4234, delivered February 1969, sold to National Aircraft Leasing, leased to Interior Airways, N7999S, April 1969. Leased to Delta Air Lines, line number 300, January 1970. Leased to International Aerodyne, February 1971, then leased to Alaska International Air, registered N102AK, July 1972, but still marked N7999S, May 1974. Wing broke on approach to Old Man’s Camp, Alaska. Accident report identifies airframe as N102AK.
141. December 18, 1974 : South Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF) C-130A 56-0521, c/n 3107, transferred from the 711th Tactical Airlift Squadron, Eglin AFB Aux Field #3/Duke Field, Florida, to VNAF in 1973, destroyed on ground, Song Be, South Vietnam.
142. December 25, 1974 : South Vietnamese Air Force C-130A 55-0016, c/n 3043, transferred from the 109th Tactical Airlift Squadron to VNAF, November 1972, shot down landing at Song Be, South Vietnam.
143. February 1, 1975 : Tactical Air Command C-130B, 58-0721, c/n 3516, of the 706th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 926th Tactical Airlift Group, 442nd Tactical Airlift Wing, tailcode NO, Naval Air Station New Orleans, Louisiana, 1974-1975, crashed on take-off from New Orleans – number one engine failed.
144. April 6, 1975 : South Vietnamese Air Force C-130A 55-0002, c/n 3029, transferred from the 706th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 926th Tactical Airlift Group, 442nd Tactical Airlift Wing to VNAF, November, 1972. Ran off runway at Bien Hoa, South Vietnam, burned.
145. April 28, 1975 : C-130E 72-1297, c/n 4519, of the 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, destroyed by rocket, Tan Son Nhut Air Base, South Vietnam. This was the last U.S. military Hercules hull loss associated with the war in Southeast Asia. It was these attacks by the advancing NVA that forced the closing of Tan Son Nhut to fixed-wing evacuation, thus necessitating the now-famous helicopter evacuations from downtown Saigon by the United States Marine Corps and the Air America arm of the CIA. See Operation Frequent Wind.
147. August 28, 1975 : Fuerza Aérea Argentina, Argentine Air Force, C-130E TC-62, c/n 4309, of 1 Escuadrón, 1 Brigada Aérea, El Palomar, Buenos Aires, destroyed when bomb exploded on runway in front of aircraft during take-off from Tucuman, Argentina.
148. November 25, 1975 : Israeli Defense Force/Air Force C-130H 203/4X-FBO, c/n 4533, crashed into mountain Jebel Halal, 55 kilometers south-southeast of El Arish, Israel. Pilots were Shaul Bustan and Uri Manor.
149. August 27, 1976 :, A Fuerza Aérea Venezolana, Venezuelan Air Force C-130H military transport aircraft, FAV-7772, c/n 4408, named “24 de Julio”, involved in a national sports tragedy at Lajes Air Base, Terceira Island, Azores, Portugal – crashed after three attempts in bad weather, high winds, low visibility. The aircraft was carrying 68 passengers (members of the “Orfeón Universitário” of UCV-Venezuelan Central University, in flight to Barcelona, Spain to participate in the “Festival Internacional del Canto Coral“) and 5 crew members. In all, 73 people died.
150. November 21, 1976 : L-100-20 c/n 4361, constructed December 1969 as Lockheed Aircraft Company N7982S, sold to Pacific Western Airlines, registered CF-PWX, line number 384, December 1969 – crashed at Eastville, near Kisangani, Zaire, low fuel, emergency landing in fog at night.Field landing lights off on arrival, not enough fuel to return, let down in jungle, one survivor.
152. December 21, 1976 : Imperial Iranian Air Force C-130H c/n 4463, delivered as 5-148, September 1972, renumbered 5-142, November 1973, renumbered 5-8536, 1976, crashed during approach in bad weather to Shiraz, Iran.
155. February 19, 1978 : L-100-20, c/n 4364, delivered February 1970 as Lockheed Aircraft Company N7986S, sold to Flying W Airways, registered N70FW, then back to Lockheed as N7986S. Sold to Fuerza Aérea del Peru, Peruvian Air Force FAP-395, October 1970, then leased to SATCO, registered OB-R-1004. As FAP-395, 1976. Crashed when engine shut down during take-off from Tarapoto, Peru.
158. April 28, 1978 : C-130E 63-7766, c/n 3832, of the 17th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed short of runway at Sparrevohn Air Force Station, Alaska, written off.
160. September 8, 1978 : C-130E 64-0532, c/n 4021, of the 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, hit mountain in Arkansas in bad weather – 62nd Tactical Airlift Squadron crew.
161. September 19, 1978 : Imperial Iranian Air Force C-130H c/n 4457, delivered as 5-144, August 1972, renumbered 5-138, November 1973, renumbered 5-8532, October 1976, crashed during landing, 3-engine go-around, Doshan Tappah Air Base, Iran.
162. November 30, 1978 : C-130E 68-10936, c/n 4316, of the 317th Tactical Airlift Wing, struck by lightning, crashed 55 kilometers west of Charleston, South Carolina.
164. January 23, 1979 : Aeronautica Militare, Italian Air Force C-130H MM62000 ’46-14′, c/n 4497, of the 46 Aerobrigata, jumped chocks during engine run-up, hit tree, written-off. Parts used to support c/n 4491, MM61995 damaged in hard landing, Pisa, January 1999. Hull at Milan-Malpensa, Italy, December 1979, 1989.
165. February 1, 1979 : Pakistani Air Force C-130B 23488, c/n 3698, former USAF 62-3488, then MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-101, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron; sold to Pakistani Air Force, 23488, coded ‘P’, registered AQ-ACP, then AS-HFP, jumped chocks during night engine test run, collided with c/n 4117, written-off. Hull at Lahore, June, 1981.
166. February 1, 1979 : Pakistani Air Force C-130E 10687, c/n 4117, former USAF 65-10687, then MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-106, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, renumbered 5-102, November 1973; sold to Pakistani Air Force, 10687, coded ‘D’, hit by c/n 3698 when it jumped chocks during night engine test run, written-off. Hull at Lahore, June, 1981.
168. May 15, 1979 : L-100 c/n 4176, delivered to Delta Air Lines, October 1966 registered N9259R. Modified to L-100-20, December 1968, sold to Air Finance, September 1973. Leased to Alaska International Air, N105AK, October 1973. Sold to CTA, Consorcio Technico de Aeronautica, Luanda, Angola, registered D2-FAF, September 1977. As Angola Cargo, September 1978, as TAAG Angola Airlines, April 1979, damaged when it overshot landing at São Tomé, written off.
169. June 19, 1979 : Imperial Iranian Air Force C-130E c/n 4402, delivered as 5-132, January 1971, renumbered 5-126, November 1973, renumbered 5-8520, October 1976, lost control in flight, crashed, Shiraz, Iran. There is some question about this date.
170. September 28, 1979 : Bolivian Air Force C-130H TAM90, c/n 4744, operated by Transporte Aéreo Boliviano CP-1375, as of July 23, 1977. Crashed – flew into water after night take-off from Panama-Tocumen.
172. April 24, 1980 :During the ill-fated secret rescue mission at an airstrip in the Great Salt Desert of Eastern Iran, near Tabas codenamed Operation Eagle Claw, an EC-130E, 62-1809, c/n 3770, of the 7th ACCS, was destroyed in collision with a USN RH-53D Sea Stallion helicopter, BuNo 158761. As the helicopter took off it clipped the C-130 and crashed, killing five USAF aircrew in the C-130, and three USMC aircrew in the RH-53 Several other RH-53Ds had to be abandoned at the site after suffering shrapnel damage from the collision. At least one airframe was assembled from the abandoned helicopters, to join six RH-53Ds supplied by the United States to the Iranian Navy in 1978.
173. May 28, 1980: Ejército del Aire (Spanish Air Force) C-130H, c/n 4520, delivered December 1973, as T10-1, ‘301-01′, of Escuadrón 301, at Valenzuela-Zaragoza, then to Escuadrón 311, Zaragoza as ‘311-01′, 1978. Crashed into mountain in central Gran Canaria.
174. September 5, 1980 : L-100-20 c/n 4350, delivered December 1969 as Lockheed Aircraft Company N7954S, sold to Kuwait Air Force, serialled 317, December 1970. Crashed near Montelimar in southeastern France – lightning strike.
177. September 22, 1980 : Lars Olausson lists unidentified C-130E loss by the Iranian Air Force on this date, but this may be confusion with either Iranian Airways Ilyushin Il-76, YI-AIO, c/n 073410315, lost on landing at Baghdad-Saddam International Airport on September 23, 1980, or Iranian Airways Antonov An-24TV, YI-AEM, c/n 1022805, which crashed near Kirkuk, Iraq on September 24, 1980.
178. October 2, 1980 : C-130A 56-0504, c/n 3112, of the 105th Tactical Airlift Squadron, lost part of port wing leading edge, crashed near McMinnville, Tennessee. Aircraft had been operated by Air America as 604, circa February 1970.
179. October 15, 1980 :A Canadian Forces CC-130E Hercules 130312 (formerly 10312), c/n 4061, of 436 Squadron, stalled at low level and crashed near Chapais, Quebec, while on a Search and Rescue Mission for a lost helicopter.
180. October 29, 1980 : An extensively modified YMC-130H, 74-1683, c/n 4658, crashed at Eglin AFB Auxiliary Field 3/Duke Field, Florida, during a demonstration of a modified MC-130H Combat Talon aircraft for a planned Iranian hostage rescue attempt named Operation Credible Sport. Arresting rockets fitted to the aircraft fired out of sequence, some early and some not at all, resulting in an extremely heavy landing that tore off the starboard wing and set the aircraft on fire. Despite this mishap, the entire crew survived. The wrecked hull was dismantled and those parts not salvageable buried at Duke Field.
182. January 14, 1981 : C-130E 69-6581, c/n 4357, of the 37th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed on take-off from Ramstein Air Base, West Germany – fin stall, missing washer on rudder booster.
184. April 24, 1981 : L-100-20, c/n 4450, delivered April 1972, sold to Fuerza Aérea del Perú (Peruvian Air Force) FAP-396, April 1972, then leased to SATCO, registered OB-R-956, April 1972. As FAP-396, 1976. Damaged on take-off from Isquitas, June 2, 1973, repaired. Emergency landing at night, no fuel, near San Juan, Peru.
184. May 16, 1981 : L-100-20 c/n 4830, delivered September 1979, as Lockheed Aircraft Company, N4080M, sold to TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, and registered D2-EAS, October 1979. Shot down by infrared missile near Menongue, Angola.
187. September 29, 1981 : Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF), C-130H, crashed near Kahrisak, 20 kilometers south of Tehran, killing 80 on board including Minister of Defence and high-ranking officers. Sources differ on identity. Lars Olausson cites c/n 4594, delivered as S-158, May 1975, renumbered S-8552, 1976, while compiler Ian Carroll lists c/n 4495 as S-8552 in “World Air Forces Directory 2000″, page 16. In a query of Olausson December 13, 2007 on this point, he responded “Who knows? This has been discussed, and nobody has been able to come up with any proof. The Iranians have a tendency to reuse the registrations of destroyed airplanes, to fill out any holes in the registration series.”
189. April 11, 1982 : L-100 c/n 4170, delivered September 1966, Delta Air Lines N9258R, line number 302, October 1966, modified to L-100-20, August 1970, sold to Pacific Western Airlines, CF-PWK, line number 386, November 1970. Leased to Northwest Territorial Airways, April 1980, burned on ground, off-loading gasoline, Paulatuk, Northwest Territory (69N, 124W).
190. April 13, 1982 : C-130H 74-1678, c/n 4645, of the 463rd Tactical Airlift Wing, as of October 1977 with black camel on tail. Crashed near Sivas, 360 kilometers east of Ankara, Turkey, when number four (starboard outer) engine mount failed, destroyed number three (starboard inner) engine, wing broke.
191. April 29, 1982 : Fuerza Aérea Ecuatoriana, (Ecuadorian Air Force) C-130H, 743, c/n 4743, delivered July 1977, to Ministry of Defence as HC-BEF, July 1977, of 11 Sqn., crashed into mountain 15 kilometers from Marisal Sucre airport near Quito, Ecuador during go-around after missed approach.
193. June 1, 1982 : Fuerza Aérea Argentina, (Argentine Air Force) C-130H TC-63, c/n 4310, delivered as C-130E, December 1968, modified to C-130H, 1977, of 1 Escuadrón, 1 Brigade Aérea, shot down by Royal Navy FRS.1 Sea Harrier XZ451, of the HMS Invincible air group, coded ‘006’, piloted by Lieutenant Commander Ward, with AIM-9L Sidewinder missile and guns during the Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur).
195. October 16, 1982 : C-130B, c/n 3572, delivered 1960 to Royal Canadian Air Force as 10301, of 435 Squadron; sold back to Lockheed-Georgia, N4652, July 1967, then sold to Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (Colombian Air Force) FAC-1003, January 1969, ditched in Atlantic Ocean 330 kilometers east of Cape May, New Jersey, navigation systems unserviceable, ran out of fuel – hull floated for 56 hours.
196. November 16, 1982 : A Canadian Forces CC-130H 130329, c/n 4553, crashed during a Low Altitude Parachute Extraction System (LAPES) operation at Namao when the load failed to clear the aircraft causing it to crash.
197. February 13, 1983 : C-130H 74-1693, c/n 4693, of the 463rd Tactical Airlift Wing, suffered a ground fire at Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina, written off. To loadmaster trainer at Pope, as of April 1984; fuselage only, February 2003, same March 2004.
199. June 28, 1983 : C-130H 74-2068, c/n 4694, of the 463rd Tactical Airlift Wing, crashed about 100 miles north of Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, during Red Flag exercise. Stalled turning at low altitude.
200. August 27, 1983 : L-100-20 c/n 4333, delivered June 1969 as Lockheed Aircraft Service Company N7957S; leased to U.S. Navy, May 1969 for tests. Leased to Saturn Airways, N7957S, May 1970, named “Wimpy”. Sold to Saturn, N17ST, October 1972. Modified to L-100-30, August 1973. To Trans International Airlines, December 1976, to Transamerica, October 1979, crashed 50 kilometers south of Dundo, Angola – hit mountain in fog.
201. February 28, 1984 : C-130E 68-10944, c/n 4324, of the 37th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed into mountain 55 kilometers northwest of Zaragoza, Spain.
202. November 2, 1984 : C-130E 68-10946, c/n 4326, of the 37th Tactical Airlift Squadron, hard landing at Giebelstadt Army Air Field, West Germany, ferried to Lockheed-Georgia at Marietta – nose section used to repair c/n 4029, C-130E 64-0539, of the 317th Tactical Airlift Wing, damaged when it ran off runway at Lajes, Azores, April 1984.
203. December 29, 1984 : L-100 c/n 4101, first flown September 17, 1965, leased to Continental Air Services, N9260R, September 1965, then sold to the Government of Zambia, registered 9J-RCV, August 1966. Leased to Zambian Air Cargoes, August 1966, then sold to National Aircraft Leasing, registered N920NA, March 1969, in an FAA series usually reserved for aircraft of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, same January 1977. Leased to Alaska Airlines, April 1969. Leased to Saturn Airways, N24ST, June 1972, modified to L-100-30, November 1972. Leased to TIA, December 1976, port wing and engines damaged in explosion, May 1977, repaired; sold to TIA, April 1979. To Transamerica, October 1979, green and white scheme, Transamerica T on green tail in white – destroyed on ground as it landed Cafunfo, Angola during UNITA guerrilla attack. Electric buss panel fire due to gunfire spread, hull burnt out. Pilot, flight engineer survive groundfire and are captured by UNITA, repatriated through the Red Cross after a month; first officer, two Diamang couriers, killed by gunfire.
207. March 29, 1985 : Two Canadian Forces CC-130H, 130330, c/n 4555, and 130331, c/n 4559, both of 435 Squadron, crashed after having a mid-air collision over CFB Namao, near Edmonton, Alberta. This remains the only dual Hercules mid-air.
208. June 24, 1985 : Força Aérea Brasileira C-130E FAB serial 2457, c/n 4290, of 1 Esquadrao, 1 Grupo, Galeao, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, damaged on landing, undershoot, W.I. Salvador Air Base, Bahia, June 1979 – repaired. Crashed in fog on landing approach to Santa Maria Air Base, Brazil.
209. June 27, 1985 : An RAF Hercules collided at about 200-300 ft in cloud with a Royal Navy Sea King helicopter north of the Falkland Islands. The C-130 lost the entire wing outboard of the No. 1 engine but still managed to land. The Sea King was lost and all four on board killed. The Sea King was serving with RNAS Culdrose.
211. March 7, 1986 : Force Aérienne Tchadienne, Chadian Air Force C-130A TT-PAB, c/n 3020, former USAF 54-1633, to Chad AF, August 1984, as TT-PAB; from USAF inventory, January 1986. Crashed when it stalled on take-off.
212. April 2, 1986 : HC-130P, 66-0211, c/n 4161, delivered August 1966 as HC-130H, redesignated HC-130P, September 1966, assigned to Air Force Systems Command, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. To 1551st Flying Training Squadron, October 1977. Marked in Lizard scheme, April 1986. Right wing broke in severe turbulence at low level, 25 kilometers north of Magdalena, New Mexico, New Mexico.
213. June 8, 1986 : L-100-20 c/n 4832, delivered October 1979, as Lockheed Aircraft Company, N4081M, sold to TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, and registered D2-THA, October 1979. Wheels up landing, Dondo, Angola, written off.
214. August 14, 1986 : C-130D 57-0487, c/n 3194, delivered August 1958, with the 611th Troop Carrier Squadron, 1959, then with the 171st Troop Carrier Squadron/Tactical Airlift Squadron, from 1961. Named “Hustling Huskie”, September 1968 – July 1975. Modified to C-130D-6, 1962–1963. With the 139th Tactical Airlift Squadron, July 1975, lizard scheme, January 1986. Sold to Honduran Air Force, March 1986, coded ‘556’. Crashed near Wampusirpi, Honduras.
215. September 9, 1986 : C-130A, 56-0468, c/n 3076, delivered February 1957; of the 105th Tactical Airlift Squadron, Nashville, Tennessee, by December 1979, same January 1984. Lizard scheme, January 1986, crashed at end of runway, Fort Campbell, Kentucky – broken throttle cable.
216. October 4, 1986 : L-100-30 c/n 4391, delivered June 1971 to Saturn Airways, N15ST, named “Barney”, coded ‘G’. Sold to TIA, December 1976. Leased to Saudia, March 1978. To Transamerica, October 1979, leased to Heavylift, Stansted, Great Britain, July 1984. Leased to Southern Air Transport (SAT), July 1986. Crashed into hangar during night take-off from Kelly Air Force Base, Texas – control lock in cockpit not removed.
217. November 2, 1986 : IRIAF, C-130, identity not established, crashed into mountain, killing seven crew, 91 soldiers as passengers, during approach to Zahedan Airport (ZAH/OIZH), Iran.
218. April 8, 1987 : L-100-30 c/n 4558, delivered November 1974 to Safair, registered ZS-RSE, then registered to Safair Freighters, USA, N46965, February 1982, incorrectly filed as N4696S. Registered to Globe Air, N517SJ (never painted on?), April 1987. Left wing hit ground 300 meters before runway at Fairfield-Travis Air Force Base, California during Southern Air Transport training landing when it lost power on both port engines during go-around, all five crew killed. Accident report lists it as SAT N517SJ.
220. July 1, 1987 : A USAF C-130E, 68-10945, c/n 4325, crashed during an open house at Fort Bragg, during a display of the low level airdrop technique known as LAPES, (Low Altitude Parachute Extraction System), in which a parachute is used to pull the cargo out the rear door while the plane makes a touch-and-go. Pilot failed to pull-up after deploying M551 Sheridan tank, hit treeline, burned, killing three on board, one soldier on the ground, and injuring two crew.
221. October 14, 1987 : L-100-30 c/n 4701, delivered November 1976, sold to Safair, registered ZS-JVM, December 1976. Leased to Air Botswana, A2-ACA, October 1979, same February 1987. Registered to Zimex Aviation, HB-ILF, August 1987. Shot down after take-off from Cuito, Angola.
223. December 9, 1987 : USN LC-130R BuNo 159131, c/n 4522, operated by VXE-6 for the National Science Foundation, crashed landing at site D59, Carrefour, Antarctica, 1,200 kilometers from McMurdo, while bringing in spares for LC-130F BuNo 148321, c/n 3567, damaged when JATO bottle broke loose on take-off, February 1, 1971 and not repaired and flown out until January 1988. c/n 4522 written off.
225. April 15, 1988 : Lars Olausson lists unidentified IRIAF, C-130H loss for this date, but the Aviation Safety accident database has no matching incident.
227. August 17, 1988 : Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, President of Pakistan from 1978, was killed when the C-130B he was on (PAF 23494, ex-USAF 62-3494, c/n 3708) reportedly crashed shortly after take off from Bahawalpur. All on board were killed, including the US ambassador to Pakistan, a US general and 17 top ranking Pakistan Army personnel. Two of the scheduled passengers who did not board the aircraft later reached the highest rank in Pakistan Army, chiefly because most of their seniors died in this incident. One of them was General Pervez Musharraf, president of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008. Although many people do not consider this an accident, neither Pakistan nor the US government properly investigated the incident and made the findings public. Some researchers claim that there was a bomb hidden in the mango crates which were loaded on the plane without proper clearance. Eyewitnesses claim that the aircraft exploded in the air. Such claims were declared false by the government and the remains of the aircraft were swiftly disposed of.
228. January 29, 1989 : A Canadian Forces CC-130E, 130318 (formerly 10318), c/n 4124, which was serving with 435 Squadron when it crashed 600 feet short of the runway during a night approach at -46C, in Fort Wainwright, Alaska.
229. March 27, 1989 : Royal Saudi Air Force C-130H 470, c/n 4756, of 4 Squadron, October 1977, same October 1984. Intended for 16 Squadron as 1619 – take-off accident at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, written off.
230. April 9, 1989 : L-100-20 c/n 4303, delivered November 1968 to Girard Trust, N9237R, leased to Flying W Airways, April 1969. Sold to Red Dodge Aviation, N40FW, October 1969. Sold to Philippine government, PI 98, April 1973. Leased to Phil Aero Transport, RP-C98?, July 1973. Sold to James Bay Energy Corporation, registered CF-DSX, September 1973, and leased to Quebecair, September 1973. Sold to Echo Bay Mines, July 1980, named “Smokey Heel” as of December 1980. To Worldways Canada, April 1983, then to Transamerica as N39ST, December 1984. Stored at Oakland, July 1986, same January 1988. Registered to American Aircraft Corporation, Hialeah, Florida, July 1988, then registered to IAS/Transafrik, S9-NAI, November 1988. Crash landing at Luena, Moxico Province, Angola – fire in two engines.
231. August 1, 1989 : L-100-30 c/n 4883, delivered March 1981 as Lockheed Aircraft Company N4152M, sold to Air Algérie, 7T-VHK, July 1981, operated as “Cargo” by IAS, August 1988 – damaged when it skidded off runway while landing at Tamanrasset, written off.
233. November 27, 1989 : L-100 c/n 4129, delivered to ZAC-Alexander, registered 9J-RBW, April 1966, sold to Maple Leaf Leasing, 1969, leased to Pacific Western Airlines, line number 383, March 1969, damaged Eureka, Northwest Territory, August 1969, rebuilt as L-100-20, December 1969. Leased to Alaska International Air, (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), December 1969. Sold to Pacific Western Airlines, registered CF-PWN, 1977, then sold to St. Lucia Airways, registered J6-SLO, May 1985, named “Juicy Lucy”, after a rock and roll band, 1969–1972, transporting cargo for UNITA, July 1987. Sold to Tepper Aviation, Florida, N9205T, January 1988, named “Grey Ghost” – crash landing at Jamba, Huíla, Angola.
234. November 30, 1989 : Cameroon Air Force C-130H TJX-CF?, c/n 4747, delivered to Cameroon AF, August 1977, registered TJX-AC, sand camouflage, July 1983, same February 1989. Burned on ground at Marseille, France, November 30, 1989, to be rebuilt, April 1994. At EADS Sogerma, Bordeaux, France, May 1997, repaired November 1999, delivered as Cameroon Air Force TJX-CF?, March 2005.
235. December 1989 : Royal Saudi Air Force C-130H 460, c/n 4566, of 4 Squadron, December 1974, same January 1987. Burned on ground, air conditioner fire – in airfield corner at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, December 1989. Restored for ground training by August 1993, same March 2002. At Riyadh Air Base Museum, November 2002, restored for ground display.
236. December 21, 1989 : Bolivian Air Force C-130A TAM62, c/n 3187, former USAF 57-0481, to Bolivia by October 1988. Crashed at Guayaramerin, Bolivia, 700 kilometers north-northeast of La Paz, after three-engine take-off.
237. January 5, 1990 : L-100 c/n 4222, delivered July 1967, as Lockheed Aircraft Company, N9254R, modified to L-100-20, July 1969. Sold to Saturn Airways, N13ST, October 1970, leased to Alaska International Air (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), N103AK, October 1972, then sold to AIA, January 1973. Sold to CTA, D2-FAG, November 1977. To TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Airlines, D2-THB, April 1979. Damaged on take-off from Luanda, May 1982 – repaired. As Angola Air Charter, July 1988. Hit by missile at Menonque, Angola, crash landed, written off.
238. February 8, 1990 : Unidentified C-130H of the Sudanese Air Force shot down, all on board killed.
240. August 12, 1990 : L-100-20, c/n 4384, delivered July 1970 to Saturn Airways, N11ST, named “W.C. Fields”, modified to L-100-30, April 1971, leased to Alaska International Air (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair). Registered to TIA, December 1976. With Transamerica as of October 1979, airframe reached 44,000 hour mark, December 1984. Leased to Southern Air Transport, July 1986, registered to SAT, October 1987, reregistered N911SJ, March 1988, same March 1990. Engine failed on take-off from Juba, Sudan, returned for landing, overran runway, burned – written off.
242. January 31, 1991 : C-130E 69-6567, c/n 4341, modified to AC-130E, ops by 415th Special Operations Training Squadron, Hurlburt Field, Florida, by September 1972. Modified to AC-130H, 1973, to 16th Special Operations Squadron, by July 1978, electronic update, September 1990. Callsign Spirit 03; shot down by an SA-7 at dawn 110 kilometers south-southeast of Kuwait City, Kuwait in the Battle of Khafji. This was the last loss of an AC-130 due to enemy fire to date.
244. February 27, 1991 : L-100-30 c/n 4949, delivered January 1983 as Lockheed Aircraft Company N4107F. To Kuwait Air Force KAF322, by June 1983, hit by ground fire at Kuwait City Airport, August 2, 1990, flown to Iraq; hit by bomb, February 27, 1991, center fuselage badly damaged. Transported by road to Kuwait, March 1995, scrapped – parts to support repair of Zaire Air Force C-130H 9T-TCA, c/n 4411, corroded after five years inactivity.
245. March 16, 1991 : Bolivian Air Force L-100-30 TAM92, c/n 4833, delivered as Lockheed Aircraft Company N4083M, October 1979, to Bolivian Air Force by February 1980. Leased to Transporte Aéreo Boliviano, cargo airline set up by the BolAF, registered CP1564, February 1980, same March 1990. Leased to Transafrik, January 1988, same March 1991. Shot down by UNITA FIM-92 Stinger missile near Malanje, Angola.
246. March 21, 1991 : Royal Saudi Air Force C-130H 469, c/n 4754, of 4 Squadron, delivered September 1977, same, March 1991. Crashed in heavy smoke on approach to Ras-al-Mishab, Saudi Arabia. Remains at Dharan International AIrport.
247. June 10, 1991 : C-130A 56-0491, c/n 3099, modified to DC-130A, to USN as BuNo 158299 by 1969. To MASDC, Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, 2G004, by August 1979, same, June 1987. Registered to Roy D. Reagan, N9724V, October 1986, to World Wide Aeronautical Industries, Ashland, Oregon, December 1986. To Bob’s Air Park, Tucson, Arizona, September 1987, registered to CZX Productions, Inc., Wilmington, Delaware, August 1988, same, June 1991. At Western International Aviation salvage yard, Tucson, Arizona, June 1988, departing there January 1990, to TAAG Angola Airlines, Luanda, Angola, January 1991, damaged in landing accident, repaired. To Unitrans, (Dieter Reinhardt), still registered N9724V. In Angola, registered 9J-SLQ, March 1991, operated by Questline Florida, for the Angolan government. Crashed on take-off from Luanda, load shifted, burned.
248. September 2, 1991 : L-100 c/n 4250, delivered December 1968 to National Aircraft Leasing, registered N9266R, leased the Interior Department, December 1968. Modified to L-100-20. Leased to Saturn Airways, registered N22ST, January 1971, then leased to Southern Air Transport, September 1972. Leased to Alaska International Air (formerly Interior Airways, later Markair), October 1975. Leased again to Southern Air Transport, April 1977, then sold to SAT, June 1978. Leased to Air Algérie, 1981. Registered to Commercial Air Leasing, N521SJ, June 1985, same November 1987. Leased to IAS/Diamang, 1986 – January 1987. Operations in Ethiopia for Caritas, November 1988. Blown-up by mine before take-off from Wau, Sudan.
249. September 17, 1991 : L-100-30 c/n 5029, delivered March 1985 as Lockheed Aircraft Company N4232B, stored March 1983-July 1988. Sold to Ethiopian Airlines, ET-AJL, July 1988. Crashed into mountain Arey, south of Djibouti, Ethiopia.
250. October 5, 1991 : Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Udara, Indonesian Air Force C-130H-30 A-1324, c/n 4927, delivered June 1982 to 32 Squadron, same, March 1987. Crashed after take-off from Halim-Perdanakasuma, Jakarta, Indonesia – engine failure.
251. October 30, 1991 : An AIRCOM CC-130 Hercules transport aircraft, CAF 130322, c/n 4192, flying to Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert from Edmonton, Alberta via Thule Air Base, Greenland, was on final approach to the airstrip. The pilot apparently was flying by sight rather than relying on instruments. The aircraft crashed on Ellesmere Island approximately 18 miles short of the runway, killing 5 of the 18 passengers and crew. Subsequent rescue efforts by personnel from CFS Alert, USAF personnel from Thule AB and CF personnel from 440 Squadron, CFB Edmonton, Alberta and Trenton, Ontario, were hampered by a blizzard and local terrain. The crash investigation recommended all CC-130s be retrofitted with ground proximity detectors and beefed-up Arctic Survival Equipment. The crash and rescue efforts were the basis of a film called Ordeal In The Arctic.
252. February 6, 1992 : A C-130B, 58-0732, c/n 3527, of the 165th Tactical Airlift Squadron, Kentucky Air National Guard, with five crew aboard (3 pilots, 1 flight engineer and 1 loadmaster), stalled on take-off and crashed one mile south of Evansville Regional Airport, Evansville, Indiana, United States, on U.S. Highway 41. Sixteen people were killed in the crash and fifteen others were injured.
253. April 28, 1992 : C-130E, 64-0501, c/n 3985, of the 317th Tactical Airlift Wing, fitted with All Weather Airborne Delivery System, AWADS, lizard paint scheme as of August 1991, crashed into Blewett Falls Lake, North Carolina.
256. August 24, 1992 : C-130B, 58-0740, c/n 3537, assigned to the IAAFA at Homestead Air Force Base as ground trainer in October 1990, destroyed by Hurricane Andrew. Fuselage retained as loading trainer at Homestead Air Reserve Base, August 1995.
257. August 27, 1992 : USN C-130F BuNo 149794, c/n 3661, delivered March 1963. Assigned to VRC-50, Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, as of July 1992. Damaged by Typhoon Omar, Guam – broken up, August 1994.
258. September 26, 1992 : Nigerian Air Force C-130H 911, c/n 4624, as delivered, October 1975. Coded ‘AT634′, June 1977, ‘AT624′, August 1977. As NAF 911, ‘AT624′, as of October 1978. Crashed three minutes after take-off from Lagos, Nigeria, number two engine failed, high take-off weight.
260. February 3, 1993 : A Lockheed L-100-20 N130X, c/n 4412, used as the Lockheed HTTB (High Technology Test Bed), crashed at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, in Marietta, GA. The Lockheed engineering testbed was used to evaluate the fly-by-wire rudder actuator and the ground minimum control speed (VMCG). During the final high-speed ground test-run, the aircraft accidentally veered left and became airborne. The Hercules climbed to 250 feet and crashed. All 7 crew aboard perished in the crash, in which a Navy clinic was narrowly missed.
261. May 27, 1993 : An RAF C-130K Hercules C Mk. 1, XV193, 65-13038 c/n 4213, crashed at Glen Tilt, Blair Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland when it stalled after cargo drop. 8 RAF crew and one Army Air Despatcher on board perished.
262. July 22, 1993 : A Canadian Forces CC-130E 130321 (formerly 10321), c/n 4191, 435 Squadron, Edmonton, Alberta, crashed while performing a low level practice LAPES drop at CFB Wainwright, Alberta. During the drop the airplane hit a berm and crashed in prairie grassland, breaking up into three pieces.
264. March 14, 1994 : AC-130H 69-0576, c/n 4351, callsign ‘Jockey 14′, of the 16th Special Operations Squadron, crashed in sea, seven kilometers south of Malindi, Kenya, after take-off from Mombasa – Howitzer round exploded in gun barrel causing fire in port engines.
265. March 17, 1994 : IRIAF, C-130H c/n 4432, delivered as 5-133, November 1971, renumbered 5-127 November 1973, renumbered 5-8521, 1976, same, September 1984. Shot down by Armenian rebels (?), three kilometers north of Stepanakert, in Nagorno-Karabach, on flight from Moscow to Tehran.
266. March 23, 1994 : An F-16D Fighting Falcon, AF Ser. No. 88-0171, collided in the landing approach pattern with a C-130E Hercules, AF Ser. No. 68-10942, c/n 4322, at the Green Ramp, Pope Air Force Base, NC, where paratroopers from adjacent Fort Bragg were preparing for a drop mission. The F-16D skidded into a C-141B Starlifter, AF Ser No. 66-0173, on Pope’s flight line. The ensuing explosion sent debris raining down on soldiers and airmen waiting to board the C-141. The C-130 managed to land safely. The incident is described in the book Disaster at Green Ramp by Mary Ellen Condon-Rall.
267. April 7, 1994 : L-100-30 c/n 4679, delivered July 1976, sold to Safair, registered ZS-JIW, line number 85, July 1976. Operation for TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, as of August 1991, same, May 1993. ZS-JIW registration cancelled, June 1993, and registered to TAAG Angola Airlines as D2-THC. Damaged beyond repair by fire after landing at Malenge, Angola, overheated brakes.
268. August 13, 1994 :: A civilian Lockheed C-130A, N135FF, former USAF 56-0540, c/n 3148, operating as Tanker 82, crashed in steep mountainous terrain near Pearblossom, California. The aircraft was destroyed, killing the three people on board. The aircraft was owned by Aero Firefighting Service Company, Inc., and was operated by Hemet Valley Flying Service, Inc., on lease to the U.S. Forest Service as a public use aircraft.
269. September 24, 1994 : L-100-30 c/n 4826, delivered August 1969, to Mitsui Corporation, PK-PLV, August 1969. Leased to Pelita Air Service, August 1979, Hanonan; on lease in Angola, August 1989. Leased to Heavylift, Stansted, Great Britain, September 1989, ‘H’ on fin; subleased to TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, June 1990, same, December 1990. To Pelita, April 1991, but operated by Heavylift as of January 1992 for the United Nations. Back to Pelita, June 1993, but operated for Heavylift, as of September 1994. Crashed into water on take-off from Kai Tak Airport, Hong Kong, overspeed on number four propeller. This was the second and last Hercules accident at this airport.
270. October 14, 1994 : Força Aérea Brasileira C-130E FAB serial 2460, c/n 4293, of 1 Esquadrao, 6 Grupo, SAR, replaceable paratroop doors with three windows; to 2 Esquadrao, 1 Grupo, by December 1987, same, June 1988. To 1 Esquadrao, 1 Grupo, October 1988, in white for SAR, December 1989, then to green-brown camouflage by May 1991. Destroyed at Formosa, 60 kilometers northeast of Brasília, Brazil, when ammunition load caught fire in the air.
271. December 31, 1994 : Bolivian Air Force C-130B TAM67, c/n 3581, delivered as USAF 59-1532, September 1960, modified to C-130B-II, operated by the 6091st Reconnaissance Squadron, May 1961, then 556th Reconnaissance Squadron, July 1968, same, October 1971, to the 7406th Combat Support Squadron, 1971, same, March 1973. Revert to C-130B, assigned to the 706th Tactical Airlift Squadron, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 1974, same, January 1976. To 704th/705th Tactical Airlift Squadrons, October 1977, same, September 1981. To the 757th Tactical Airlift Squadron, November 1982, same April 1994. To the Bolivian Air Force, TAM67, January 1991. Crashed on three-engine take-off from Trinidad, Bolivia.
272. May 13, 1995 : C-130E, 62-1838, c/n 3801, ‘Sumit 38′, operated by the 302d Airlift Wing, Peterson AFB, CO. Number 2 engine caught fire at a cruise altitude of 26K ft AGL after departing Boise, ID. One loadmaster activated all fire extinguisher carts, initially quenching the fire. However, fire re-ignited and the aircraft had no further extinguishers available. Crew attempted to divert to Mountain Home AFB, ID (MUO). Number 2 engine improperly disengaged from its mount, causing severe fuselage and wing damage. Wing eventually severed completely from the airframe, causing Sumit 38 to crash approximately 23 minutes after leaving Boise, killing all six crewmembers. This was the only Hercules hull loss in the entire calendar year of 1995, making it the safest year of C-130/L-100 operation since 1963.
274. May 15, 1996 : Fuerza Aérea Argentina, C-130H TC-67, c/n 4576, of 1 Escuadrón, 1 Brigada Aérea, El Palomar, Buenos Aires, damaged beyond repair on bad weather landing at Tandil, Argentina. No fatalities.
275. July 15, 1996 : A C-130H, CH-06, c/n 4473, of the Belgian Air Force, crashed at Eindhoven AB in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. The aircraft was carrying 37 members of the Dutch Army Fanfare Band, 2 pilots, 1 engineer and 1 loadmaster (41 total). The aircraft had departed from Villafranca in Italy. It is believed that the co-pilot initiated a go-around after noticing a flock of birds on the runway. Some were ingested resulting in loss of power on three engines. The aircraft hit the runway and caught fire. Thirty two people died in the crash and resulting fire. Nine heavily burned survivors were rescued, 2 of whom later died in the hospital.
276. August 17, 1996 : C-130H 74-1662, c/n 4597, of the 40th Airlift Squadron, Dyess Air Force Base, TX crashed into Sleeping Indian mountains, after departure from Jackson Hole, Wyoming, in supporting presidential mission.
277. November 22, 1996 : HC-130H 64-14856, c/n 4072, delivered June 1965 to Air Force Systems Command, Edwards Air Force Base, California, June 1965, same, May 1966, modified to JHC-130H, June 1966. To 48th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, August 1966, to 55th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, December 1966. Revert to HC-130H and assigned to the 305th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, May 1975, same, June 1976, to 303rd ARRS by October 1977, same March 1984, in lizard camouflage by October 1984. To 304th ARRS, January 1986, same, redesignated HC-130P, May 1990, in lizard camouflage, August 1994, same, December 1995. Crashed into the Pacific Ocean, 113 kilometers west of Eureka, California, fuel starvation – all engines stopped.
278. March 13, 1997 : Unidentified C-130 of the IRIAF, crashed near Mashad, killing 86.
280. April 16, 1997 : Force Aérienne Niger C-130H 5U-MBD, c/n 4829, delivered September 1979, in storage at Oberpfaffenhoven, Germany, February 1988, same, July 1988. In service, June 1988 (?), same November 1995. Flew into ground at the village of Sorei on approach to Niamey, Niger.
283. September 10, 1998 : C-130B, former USAF 62-3491, c/n 3701, to Imperial Iranian Air Force under MAP, 1965, 5-104, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron. Sold to Pakistani Air Force as 23491, of 6 Squadron, coded ‘V’. To Transport Conversion School, coded ‘W’, as of October 1985. Civil register AQ-ACV. Hit on ground by c/n 3781 at Rawalpindi air base, burned, written off.
284. September 10, 1998 : C-130B, former USAF 62-4143, c/n 3781, to Pakistani Air Force under MAP as 23491, of 6 Squadron, coded ‘O’, March 1963. Civil register AS-HFO as of August 1984. Camouflage by 1986, same, March 1988. Suffered brake failure due to wheel well fire, hit c/n 3701 on ground at Rawalpindi air base, burned, written off.
285. December 26, 1998 : L-100-30 c/n 4561, delivered November 1974 to Saturn Airways, N20ST, to TIA, December 1976. To Transamerica, October 1979. Leased to Southern Air Transport, October 1987, then sold to SAT, October 1987, reregistered N920SJ, March 1988. In Angola for United Nations, October 1992, then Kenya for UN, January 1993, same, October 1993. Leased to Hunting Air Cargo/Aer Lingus, March 1994. Operations for the USAF, August 1994, then to Air Foyle HeavyLift, July 1995, then to storage at Marana, Arizona, January 1998. Sold to Transafrik, registered S9-CAO, August 1998, same, October 1998. Shot down by UNITA after take-off from Huambo, Angola on UN mission.
286. January 2, 1999 : L-100-30 c/n 4839, delivered March 1980 as Lockheed Aircraft Company demonstrator N4110M, sold to Wirtschaftsflug, Frankfurt, Germany, D-ACWF, October 1981. Back to LAC as N3847Z, November 1983, then sold to IAS, Guernsey, D2-EHD, December 1984, Operations for Diamang, hit by SAM at 9,000 feet, wing fire, landed, repaired. Sold to ENDIAMA, Angola, flown by Transafrik crew, January 1990, repainted in new colors, April 25, 1991 –April 30, 1991, registered T-650, November 1992, damaged by UNITA on take-off from Luena, Moxico Province, January 1991, stored in Luanda, February 1992. To Lisbon, Portugal for repair, July 1993. Back to Luanda, March 1994. To Marshall Aerospace, Cambridge, UK for D-check, September 1994. Shot down by UNITA after take-off from Huambo, Angola.
289. September 17, 1999 : Fuerza Aérea Mexicana C-130A – former USAF RC-130A 57-0510, c/n 3217, later to C-130A. Sold to Mexican Air Force, serial 10610 (?), as presidential support aircraft, October 1993. At Lake City, Florida, February 1998. As serial 3610, September 1999. Crashed into mountains, 80 kilometers northeast of Mexico City, Mexico.
290. December 10, 1999 : C-130E 63-7854, c/n 3924, of the 61st Airlift Squadron, forward deployed to Kuwait from Little Rock AFB, Arkansas, touched down 880 meters short of runway at Ahmed Al Jaber Air Base, Kuwait causing major airframe distorion of the fuselage and severely damaging main landing gear; 1 USAF fatality in cargo bay. Belly-landed at Kuwait International Airport. Partially dismantled in Kuwait, then transported to AMARC, Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, CF0194, December 2000, to be scrapped, May 2004, same, February 2006.
291. December 27, 1999 : L-100-30 c/n 4477, delivered December 1972 to Safair, ZS-RSD, leased to Alaska International Air (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), N106AK, November 1974, then sold to AIA, April 1976. Leased to Cargomasters, Australia, 1982. To Markair, February 1984, then leased to Zantop International, April 1986, same, March 1991. Sold to Southern Air Transport, still as N106AK, February 1992. Reregistered N906SJ, February 1992, same October 1992. Ops in Angola for the United Nations, January 1993, in Kenya for UN, January 1996. Carried Orca, killer whale, for United Parcel Service, UPS, from Mexico to Oregon, U.S., September 1998. Sold to Transafrik, registered S9-BOP, August 1999. Ran off wet runway on landing at Luzamba, Angola, went into 40 foot ravine, written off.
292. January 14, 2000 : A Bolivian Air Force C-130B, serial TAM60, former USAF 58-0758, c/n 3559, crashed at Chimorre Airport (Bolivia). The aircraft departed down the left side of runway 35, but 600 meters from the approach end, impacted into a ditch and came to rest in a forested area off the left side of the runway. The aircraft was a total loss with 7 crew and 24 passengers dead.
293. February 2, 2000 : An unidentified Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force C-130 crashed on take-off for training flight from Tehran-Mehrabad Airport (THR) – lost control and hit empty Iran Airbus A300 being towed into hangar. Both hulls burned. Eight on Hercules killed.
294. July 26, 2000 : Royal Jordanian Air Force HC-130H 348, c/n 4073, former USAF 64-14857, delivered as HC-130H, June 1965, then as JHC-130H, March 1966, NC-130H, by October 1977, modified to HC-130H, January 1986. Last USAF operations by 514th Test Squadron, October 1996. To Royal Jordanian Air Force, serial 348, February 1997, crashed after take-off from al-Mafraq air base, 50 kilometers N of Amman, Jordan.
295. September 6, 2000 : C-130A former USAF 56-0478, c/n 3086, registered to T&G Aviation, Marana, Arizona, N116TG, October 1989, water bomber modification, May 1991, with Securité Civile, City of Phoenix, seized in bankruptcy proceedings, mid-1993, fire-fighting ops by several operators. Crashed at Burzet, southeastern France fighting forest fire. The Hercules, operating for the French Sécurité Civile, crashed while it was dumping water over a forest fire. The aircraft had just carried out a first passage; on the second one it flew into a hill. Two of four crew killed.
296. September 27, 2001 : Força Aérea Brasileira C-130E FAB 2455, c/n 4202, delivered March 1967, of 1 Esquadrao, 1 Grupo, Galeao, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1972, same, February 1985, to 2 Esquadrao, 1 Grupo, 1987, same, October 1993, to 1/1 GTT, April 1995, modified to C-130H, December 1999. Crashed into mountain after take-off from Rio de Janeiro.
297. December 20, 2001 : Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Udara, Indonesian Air Force L-100-30 c/n 4824, delivered July 1979, sold to Mitsui Corporation, PK-PLU, leased to Pelita AIr Service, July 1979, then leased to Heavylift, Stansted, Great Britain, ‘H’ on fin; subleased to TAAG Angola Airlines, March 1990. Ops by Pelita, April 1991, then leased to Angola Air Charter, September 1992, then leased to Heavylift in Singapore and Jakarta, April 1993. Back to Pelita, June 1993, and damaged on May 11, 1995 during landing with starboard main gear retracted. Repaired. Leased to KLM, March 1996, for cargo run between Amsterdam and Glasgow, wearing Heavylift titles. Sold to TNI-AU, February 1997, same, September 2000. Written off during landing at Malikul Saleh when it ran off runway.
298. January 9, 2002 : A United States Marine Corps KC-130R BuNo 160021, c/n 4702, of VMGR-352 crashed into mountainous terrain while on approach to Shamsi, Pakistan, 270 kilometers SW of Quetta, Pakistan, killing all seven crew members on board.
299. February 12, 2002 : A United States Marine Corps KC-130F BuNo 148895, c/n 3619, delivered August 1961, of VMGR-252 crashed at Twenty-Nine Palms, California, when engines failed during a touch-and-go landing.
300. February 13, 2002 : Combat Shadow MC-130P 66-0213, c/n 4163, delivered September 1966 to Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service as HC-130P with Fulton recovery system, of the 48th ARRSq, November 1966, then various ARRS units through 1986. To 55th Special Operations Squadron, January 1989, same, November 1989, then to 9th Special Operations Squadron, February 1990, same, July 1994, in grey scheme, top radome removed, February 1996, redesignated MC-130P, October 1996. To 67th Special Operations Squadron, October 1996, same, December 1996, then to 9 SOS, January 1997, same, January 2001. Crashed in Afghanistan on night refueling mission.
302. June 17, 2002 : While fighting a fire in northern California, the starboard wing of a C-130A Hercules, N130HP, former USAF 56-0538, c/n 3146, operated by Hawkins & Powers Aviation, came off as the centre wing box failed during a pull-out from a drop near Walker, California, followed less than a second later by the port wing. It rolled inverted and crashed into the forest, killing all three crew. This second C-130A fire fighting crash, coupled with the loss of PB4Y-2, BuNo 66260, N7620C at Estes Park, Colorado on July 18, 2002, resulted in the Interior Department canceling its contract for all heavy tankers. (See 2002 airtanker crashes).
303. August 7, 2002 : MC-130H 90-0161, c/n 5265, of the 15th Special Operations Squadron. Modified by E-Systems, March 1994, assigned to the 15th SOS, May 1994, in lizard scheme, October 1998, same January 2001. Crashed after take off from Naval Station Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico.
304. June 25, 2003 : An unidentified Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force C-130 crashed near Rudshour, Iran during training flight from Tehran-Mehrabad Airport (THR). The aircraft departed Mehrabad Airport at 1225 hrs. local time and crashed 35 minutes later. “Technical failure” – two engines caught fire, seven killed.
305. June 30, 2003 : Algerian Air Force C-130H 7T-WHQ, c/n 4926, of Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jaza’eriya crashed – shortly after takeoff from Boufarik Air Force Base, an engine caught fire. The Hercules crashed into the Beni Mered district on the outskirts of Blida, destroying at least four houses. Five crew and five others killed.
306. September 19, 2003 : Fuerza Aérea Mexicana C-130A – former USAF 54-1638, c/n 3025. Sold to Mexican Air Force, serial 10603, April 1988. In lizard scheme, October 1996. Reserialled 3603 (?), March 2003. Crashed near La Quemada, Mexico – in flight fire.
307. September 28, 2004 : C-130H 84-0211, c/n 5050, of the 142nd Airlift Squadron, Delaware Air National Guard, damaged by tornado at New Castle County Airport, Delaware, not repaired – scrapped March 2005.
308. December 29, 2004 : In the darkness, an MC-130H Talon II, USAF 85-0012, c/n 5054, of the 15th Special Operations Squadron, landed on a runway in Iraq that was undergoing maintenance. The aircraft was destroyed but there were no deaths. pictures
309. January 30, 2005 : An RAF C-130K Hercules C.1, XV179, c/n 4195, with 10 crew on board was hit by insurgent fire while taking off from Baghdad airport for Balad. A fire triggered by the hit induced an explosion in the right hand wing fuel tank.
310. March 31, 2005 : An MC-130H Talon II, USAF 87-0127, c/n 5118, “Wrath 11″ of the 7th Special Operations Squadron, 352d Special Operations Group, RAF Mildenhall, departed Tirana-Rinas Airport, Albania, for a night training mission to work on terrain-following and avoidance skills, airdrops and landing using night-vision goggles. The aircraft was flying 300 feet above the mountainous terrain when it was approaching a ridge. The airplane was not able to clear the ridge and stalled as the crew attempted to climb away. The aircraft struck the ridge, destroying the aircraft and killing all nine crew members on board.
311. December 6, 2005 :, An IRIAF C-130E military transport aircraft, 5-8519, c/n 4399, crashed into a ten-floor apartment building, home to a number of air force personnel, in a residential area of Tehran, Iran. The aircraft was carrying 84 passengers (68 of whom were journalists due to watch military exercises off the country’s south coast) and 10 crew members. In all, 116 people died.
313. May 24, 2006 : An RAF Special Forces Hercules C.1P XV206, c/n 4231, of No. 47 Squadron’s Special Forces Flight carrying the new British ambassador in Afghanistan, Stephen Evans, crash landed at a dirt landing strip outside the town of Lashkar Gar in the in Helmand Province, Afghanistan after hitting a landmine on roll-out which holed the port external fuel tank and set the number two (port inner) engine on fire. All nine crew and 26 passengers aboard safely evacuated, but the airframe burned out. It was later revealed that the Hercules was carrying a large number of SAS troops as well as a large amount of cash described as being one million dollars in some sources, and as “more than one million pounds” by others, while the MoD only admitted to a “sizeable amount of cash”. The money was apparently destined for local warlords in exchange for their influence and intelligence.
316. August 13, 2006 : Civilian Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules belonging to Air Algérie, registered 7T-VHG, formerly Lockheed N4148M, c/n 4880, was destroyed when it collided with terrain following a high-rate descent from 24,000 feet in Piacenza, Italy. The pilot, co-pilot, and flight engineer were killed.
317. February 12, 2007 : An RAF Hercules C.4 C-130J-30 ZH876, c/n 5460, formerly Lockheed N4080M, was seriously damaged following a landing incident in the Maysan Province of Iraq near the Iranian border. The aircraft was subsequently destroyed as it was deemed too dangerous for coalition forces to repair and recover it. This is the first C-130J loss for any nationality since the new variant entered service in 1999. Although it is acknowledged that this was not a Special Forces aircraft, it carried secure communications equipment that could not be compromised.
318. July 18, 2007 : Civilian L-100-30, model 382G-31C, c/n 4606, sold to Lynden Cargo, Alaska, February 1997, registered N401LC, April 1997; damaged July 2001, repaired March 2006. On July 18, 2007, aircraft over-rotated on take-off from gravel airstrip 24 miles (38 km) west-northwest of McGrath, Alaska, suffering tail strike and substantial damage, including puncture of main cabin pressure vessel. Four crew uninjured.
319. August 23, 2007 : An RAF modified Hercules C.1P, XV205, c/n 4230, landed “very heavily” at night on a rough airstrip in Afghanistan in an area where there was a heavy Taliban presence. The Hercules, from 47 Squadron at RAF Lyneham, flown by a 47 Squadron Special Forces Flight crew, was badly damaged and could not be recovered. It was destroyed in place by British engineers so that sensitive equipment would not fall into enemy hands. No casualties were reported. Aircraft was modified with FLIR turret and night cameras in 2005.
320. June 27, 2008 : A C-130H, USAF serial number 86-0412, c/n 5098, a forward deployed aircraft from the Air Force Reserve Command‘s 95th Airlift Squadron, 440th Airlift Wing at Pope AFB, North Carolina performed an emergency landing at a barren field northeast of Baghdad, Iraq following the loss of all four engines. There were no casualties. After all usable parts were stripped from the aircraft, it was dismantled by a series of controlled explosions by the 447th Expeditionary Civil Engineer Squadron. The wreckage transported to a secure US installation.
321. August 4, 2008 : C-130H (Model 382C-54E) c/n 4985, built as Lockheed Aircraft Corporation N4249Y, delivered December 1983, to Abu Dhabi for United Arab Emirates Air Force, April 1984, as 1212. Overran runway at Bagram Air Base, Kabul, burned. Parts salvaged, November 2008.
323. August 25, 2008 : A Hukbong Himpapawid NG Pilipinas (Philippine Air Force) L-100-20 transport plane, 4593, previously registered RP-C101, c/n 4593 of the 220th Airlift Wing based in Mactan, Cebu, crashed at 2055 hrs. into sea shortly after take off in Davao City in Mindanao. The aircraft, built in 1975, had lost contact after taking off from Davao International Airport shortly before midnight. The cause of the crash was unknown. Two pilots, seven crewmen which consists of an Instructor Flight Engineer, student flight engineer, Crew Chief, 2 Load Masters, 1 student Load Master and a flight mechanic,and two Scout Rangers were on board when it crashed. Until now the authorities are still solving the plane’s mysterious crash.
325. February 24, 2009 : Egyptian Air Force C-130H 1272 SU-BAC, c/n 4714, crashed during a touch-and-go landing, in the evening after dark.
326. May 20, 2009 : A TNI-AU Hercules plane carrying soldiers and their families crashed into homes and erupted in flames on Wednesday, killing at least 98 people. The burning wreckage of the Hercules was scattered in a rice paddy near Magetan, East Java, about 160 kilometres east of Yogyakarta. The plane was carrying more than 100 passengers and crew including soldiers and their families, among them children. It was flying from Jakarta to the eastern province of Papua via Magetan.